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alergias comunes ninos

Common allergies in children how to identify them?

Have you noticed how some children react to dust, pets or some foods? This is because your immune system perceives certain elements as an invading organism, rejects it, and produces what is known as an allergy.

Learn about common allergies and how to identify them.

1. Dust

Dust mites are the main allergic element that accumulates in the home, especially in beds, carpets, upholstered and curtains. For this reason, it’s common for allergy to become more pronounced when you’re cleaning or when children go to rest.

Among the most recurrent symptoms are: sneezing, coughing, congestion and runny nose, irritation or itching in the eyes, nose or throat. However, in some cases there may be shortness of breath.

In this sense, the best thing to avoid it is to maintain a continuous cleaning regime throughout the home and make sure that the dust does not accumulate in the rooms. If symptoms are severe, such as severe congestion, difficulty sleeping, or wheezing, call your doctor.

2. Polenallergies-common-children

This is another of the most common causes of allergies in children, who may even suffer from childhood asthma. Pollen directly affects the airways and detaches from flowers in trees or grass.

Remedies include certain antihistamines that suppress symptoms quickly for up to 24 hours and have no side effects in most cases.

Depending on the country, symptoms may be seasonal and develop at a certain time of year. In Mexico City, for example, Alejandro Cano Verdugo, a member of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), states that the main allergens found in the air and humidity come from ash, oaks and other species of flora.

3. Pets

baby dog

Unfortunately, man’s best friend ⎼and especially children⎼ can also be an allergy transmitter. It is believed that the main cause is their fur, however, it is actually due to the dandruff of animals (dogs and cats mainly). This happens because when pets renew their skin, they release microscopic scales that are left floating in the air.

How can you identify if your child has a pet allergy? Asthma, allergic rhinitis or conjunctivitis are some of the most common diseases. However, you may develop dermatitis or hives if you have come into contact with the animal’s saliva.

If you find that your child is allergic to any of these agents, it’s important to take all the forecasts in your hands to avoid direct contact. Tell your pediatrician what steps can be taken so that they can continue to live together.

4. Stings

One of the most common allergies in children is caused by insect bites. We can start from mosquito picket where the skin swells severely, to ants, bees, wasps, spiders and more. The manifestations are usually easily seen on the skin. However, these animals can be poisonous or transmit lethal diseases and put your children’s health at risk. Stay alert if you notice redness, swelling or your little one has a lot of itching.

Avoid using repellents that are too strong that may have a counterproductive effect on your little one. Before using any method to repel insects, consult your pediatrician, and always use insulation measures, such as mosquito nets and window protection and accesses.

5. Medicines

Did you know that antibiotics and painkillers are regularly associated with allergies? Reactions to these can usually occur from one hour after taking the medicine or even after several days.

To identify them, pay attention to whether your child develops pimples, rashes, or itching after ingesting it, and see your pediatrician if you notice that your symptoms are aggravated or short of breath. And whenever you go to a doctor, dentist or similar, mention your child’s drug allergy, as we don’t know which components contain it and can supply it.

6. Food

food strawberries

Allergies in children from food, becoming more frequent. The president of the Spanish Society of Allergy, Joaquín Sastre, argues that 50 of the generation of children will be allergic in 30 years. This could be due to changes in the environment and of course, the food does not escape it. Some of the main food allergens are:

  • Milk/dairy products
  • Eggs
  • Gluten
  • Fish and seafood
  • Nuts, peanuts, nuts
  • Blackberries, strawberries, and raspberries
  • Wheat and Soy

You have to make a difference when children are not tolerant of some food and when they are allergic, what is the difference? that food allergies are also dangerous. Some children may have not only welts and swelling but also tingling, hives, and in the worst case, anaphylaxis and shortness of breath that can lead us to the emergency room.

For this reason, it is essential to monitor your child’s diet during growth. Especially in the first two years of life.

Treatments – In most cases, allergies can be treated with anti-allergy medications or methods such as immunotherapy. However, you may want to seek medical guidance after identifying allergies to find the right treatment.

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