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Classic stories, tales, fables, and values

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Classic stories, tales, and fables —- a good way to convey values

Teaching children values should start at home by merging with their learning in school. Parents have different tools available for this, such as classic tales and fables. Fables with a moral are an ideal way to do this. For centuries, parents have told different types of educational stories to their children. In fact, in the past, telling stories was the only way to transmit the knowledge that had been accumulated over several generations.

From the pedagogical point of view, classic stories and children’s fables are stories with values, with which we can manage to transmit, through the story, values that will mark not only the lives of children but will remain during their adult lives.

Friendship, courage, patience, loyalty, are values that we can find in these stories and that will fill the imagination of our children. The transmission of values and teaching in an environment of love and affection is key to the formation of full and responsible adults. Classic tales and fables with a moral are also ideal to encourage children to read. Reading stories together, as a family, develops the creative and linguistic abilities of the little ones. It also helps them with reading comprehension.


Why do we use fables to teach children?

Fables are tales in which animals or inanimate objects often have human qualities. On the one hand, they are fun and attractive. On the other hand, they teach us important life lessons through the behavior and actions of the characters.

That is why fables are an ideal way to teach children about key values ​​and behaviors since they are packaged in the form of a story and attract their attention. In addition, it helps them obtain and retain that knowledge.

It is said that in Mesopotamia, 2,000 years before our era, fables were already told. However, the first fable that came to this day is the work of Hesiod, a poet from Ancient Greece, and is found in his work “The works and the days.”

Later, for example, the well-known Aesop’s fables are characterized by their simplicity and easy understanding for children. These fables are named like this, in honor of the famous Greek writer. Aesop began their stories in ancient Greece and they still endure to this day. In their fables, the protagonists are usually also animals and instill moral and life lessons.


We summarize some fables that can be entertaining and didactic:

Belling The Cat

This fun fable tells the story of a group of mice that want to break free from their enemy, the cat. Everyone has ideas, but nobody is willing to take action. This story teaches children that it is easy to promise something, but in reality, doing so is something completely different.

The Ant and the Grasshopper

By telling your child this story, it will strengthen the value of hard work and effort. It tells the story of a little ant that works hard in the summer to build a house.

Meanwhile, the cricket is singing in the sun, but regrets having done this when winter comes and has no provisions. With this story, you will learn to use your time in a useful way.

The tool

If your child has just started school, this fable is ideal. The characters are a group of tools. Each tool sees the weaknesses of others.

However, when they discover that they can work together to make a beautiful piece of furniture, they change their minds. This fable shows children that each of their classmates is important. In other words, everyone contributes in their own way.

The Boy Who Cried Wolf

This is a great way to help children resist the temptation to lie. The fable tells the story of a little shepherd who happily scared people by warning them of a dangerous wolf. Again and again, the townspeople came to help the child, but there was no wolf.

However, one day the wolf really appeared. This time nobody came to the shepherd’s rescue. After all, everyone thought it was a joke again. This story teaches children that lying can have catastrophic consequences. In the mouth of the liar, the truth becomes doubtful, so if you lie a lot when you tell the truth they will not believe you. This may cause problems sooner or later.

The Lion and The Hare

This is the story of a lion that has to make a difficult decision, can hunt a little hare or a big deer. The choice you make does not end as expected. With this myth, you can teach your child to be satisfied with what he has. In addition, this story is also about making wise decisions when weighing risks.

The two frogs

This is the fable of the two little frogs. On a hot summer day, the lake where the frogs live is drying up. They set off to look for water elsewhere. They reach a deep well, and one of the frogs wants to jump immediately. But the other frog stops to think. If the well dries, there is no way out. This story will help you think first before doing something, as the saying goes: “Think before you act.”

The Tortoise and the Hare

This old myth has taught children for generations not to make fun of anyone. In addition, it also teaches us that being too proud and being arrogant with our own abilities can lead to big mistakes. The fable tells the story of a turtle that challenges a vain hare to a competition. The hare thinks he can easily beat the slow turtle but discovers that no one is better than another. This is a great way to make children think about their behavior. This story helps us experience feelings by putting ourselves in the place of the opponent.


The benefits of fables for children

– They help you promote reflection because they not only listen to an interesting story but there is a moral that stimulates their critical thinking and leads them to make a distinction between good and bad.

– Stimulates their memory because, being short stories, children can remember them more easily and thus expand their ability to memorize.

– They increase sensitivity and stimulate empathy, especially when the child manages to put himself in the place of the characters and understands his emotions and points of view.

– They instill a love for reading since they stimulate the desire to discover new worlds through reading.

– They acquire values since they understand in a didactic and entertaining way what is right and what is not.

– They promote their creativity through stories with a lot of imagination and that opens the doors to a magical world where everything is possible.

You can use these fables in your bedtime routine to make the most of this powerful educational tool. A good idea is also to ask the children to talk about the characters and the actions they perform in the story. In the same way, it is beneficial for their learning, to ask questions whose answers include qualities and defects of the characters and what is right and wrong in the acting of the characters.

All the information that we give you in this article is for orientation since each child and each family is different and unique.


Carolina González Ramos

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